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In Press

Chen, K.*, Wells, J.*, Otero, M., Lwi, S., Haase, C., & Levenson, R. W. (accepted). Greater experience of non-target negative emotions in patients with neurodegenerative diseases is related to lower emotional well-being in caregivers. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders.

Woolley, J.D., Strobl, E.V., Sturm, V.E., Shany-Ur, T., Poorzand, P., Grossman, S., Nguyen, L., Eckart, J.A., Levenson, R.W., Seeley, W.W., Miller, B.L., Rankin, K.P. (in press). Impaired recognition and regulation of disgust is associated with distinct but partially overlapping patterns of decreased gray matter volume in the ventroanterior insula. Biological Psychiatry.

Levenson, R.W., Lwi, S.J., Brown, C.L., Ford, B.Q., Otero, M.C., Verstaen, A. (in press). Emotion. In J.T. Cacioppo, G.G. Berntson, LG. Tassinary (Eds.). Handbook of Psychophysiology (4 th Edition).


Lwi, S. J.*, Ford, B. Q.*, Casey, J. J., Miller, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (2017). Poor caregiver mental health predicts mortality of patients with neurodegenerative disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(28), 7319-7324.

Otero, M. C., & Levenson, R. W. (2017). Lower Visual Avoidance in Dementia Patients Is Associated with Greater Psychological Distress in Caregivers. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 43(5–6), 247–258. [PDF]

Chen, K.H., Lwi, S.J., Hua, A.Y., Haase, C.M., Miller, B.L., Levenson, R.W. Increased subjective experience of non-target emotions in patients with frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 15. 77-84.

Levenson, R.W., Lwi, S.J., Brown, C.L., Ford, B.Q., Otero, M., Verstaen, A. (2017). Emotion. In Cacioppo, J. T., Tassinary, L. G., & Berntson, G. (Eds.), Handbook of Psychophysiology. Cambridge University Press.


Verstaen, A., Eckart, J. A., Muhtadie, L., Otero, M. C., Sturm, V. E., Haase, C. M., … Levenson, R. W. (2016). Insular atrophy and diminished disgust reactivity. Emotion, 16(6), 903–912. [PDF]

Sturm, V. E., Haase, C. M., & Levenson, R. W. (2016). Emotional dysfunction in psychopathology and neuropathology: Neural and genetic pathways. In T. Lehner, B. L. Miller, & M. W. State (Eds.), Genomics, Circuits, and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry (pp.345-364), Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Haase, C. M., Holley, S. R., Bloch, L., Verstaen, A., & Levenson, R. W. (2016). Interpersonal emotional behaviors and physical health: A 20-year longitudinal study of long-term married couples. Emotion. 2016; 16(7): 965-977.


Sturm, V. E., Yokoyama, J. S., Eckart, J. A., Zakrzewski, J., Rosen, H. J., Miller, B. L., ... & Levenson, R. W. (2015). Damage to left frontal regulatory circuits produces greater positive emotional reactivity in frontotemporal dementia. Cortex, 64, 55-67. [PDF]

Goodkind, M.S., Sturm, V.E., Ascher, E.A., Shdo, S.M., Miller, B.L., Rankin, K.P., Levenson, R.W. (2015). Emotion recognition in frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer’s disease: A new film-based assessment. Emotion, 15, 416-427.

Haase, C.M., Beerman, U., Saslow, L.R., Shiota, M.N., Saturn, S.R., Lwi, S.J., Casey, J.J., Nguyen, N.K., Whalen, P.K., Keltner, D.J., Levenson, R.W. (2015). Short alleles, bigger miles: Effects of 5-HTTLPR on positive emotional expressions. Emotion, 15, 438-448.


Bloch, L., Haase, C. M., & Levenson, R. W. (2014). Emotion regulation predicts marital satisfaction: More than a wives’ tale. Emotion, 14(1), 130-144. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2014) The Future of Clinical Science Training: New Challenges and Opportunities. Clinical Psychological Science, 2(1), 35-45. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2014). The autonomic nervous system and emotion. Emotion Review, 6,100-112. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2014). Emotion and the autonomic nervous system: Introduction to the special section. Emotion Review, 6,91-92. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Haase, C.M., Bloch, L. Holley, S.R, & Seider, B.H. (2014) Emotion regulation in couples. In J.J. Gross. (Ed.) Handbook of emotion regulation (2nd edition), 267-283. [PDF]


Holley, S. R., Haase, C. M., & Levenson, R. W. (2013). Age Related Changes in Demand Withdraw Communication Behaviors. Journal of Marriage and Family, 75(4), 822-836. [PDF]

Haase, C.M., Saslow, L.R., Bloch, L., Saturn, S.R., Casey, J.J., Seider, B.H., Lane, J., Coppola, G., & Levenson, R.W. (2013). The 5-HTTLPR Polymorphism in the Serotonin Transporter Gene Moderates the Association Between Emotional Behavior and Changes in Marital Satisfaction Over Time. Emotion. [PDF]

Bloch, L., Haase, C.M., & Levenson, R.W. (2013). Emotion regulation predicts marital satisfaction: More than a wives’ tale. Emotion. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2013). Emotion and emotion regulation In D. Hermans, B. Rimé, & B. Mesquita (Eds.), Changing Emotions, 105-112. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2013). Selfless cells: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration and emotional functioning. In D. Stuss & R.T. Knight (Eds.). Principles of frontal lobe function (2nd edition), 673-679. [PDF]

Levenson, R. W. (2013). Mistakes that grant proposers make. In R.J. Sternberg (Ed.). Building grant proposals from the top down and the bottom up. [PDF]


Sze, J. A., Gyurak, A., Goodkind, M. S., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Greater emotional empathy and prosocial behavior in late life. Emotion, 12(5), 1129-1140. [PDF]

Gyurak, A., Goodkind, M. S., Kramer, J. H., Miller, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Executive functions and the down-regulation and up-regulation of emotion. Cognition & emotion, 26(1), 103-118. [PDF]

Shiota, M. N., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Turn down the volume or change the channel? Emotional effects of detached versus positive reappraisal. Journal of personality and social psychology, 103(3), 416-429. [PDF]

Sturm, V. E., Sollberger, M., Seeley, W. W., Rankin, K. P., Ascher, E. A., Rosen, H. J., ... & Levenson, R. W. (2012). of right pregenual anterior cingulate cortex in self-conscious emotional reactivity. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, nss023. [PDF]

Haase, C. M., Seider, B. H., Shiota, M. N., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Anger and sadness in response to an emotionally neutral film: evidence for age-specific associations with well-being. Psychology and aging, 27(2), 305-317. [PDF]

Levenson, R. W., Ekman, P., & Ricard, M. (2012). Meditation and the startle response: A case study. Emotion, 12(3), 650-658. [PDF]

Eckart, J. A., Sturm, V. E., Miller, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Diminished disgust reactivity in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia. Neuropsychologia, 50(5), 786-790. [PDF]

Sze, J. A., Goodkind, M. S., Gyurak, A., & Levenson, R. W. (2012). Aging and emotion recognition: Not just a losing matter. Psychology and aging, 27(4), 940-950. [PDF]

Soto, J. A., Roberts, N. A., Pole, N., Levenson, R. W., Burleson, M. H., King, A. R., & Breland-Noble, A. (2012). Elevated baseline anxiety among African Americans in laboratory research settings. Journal of Psychophysiology, 26(3), 105-115. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (2011). Maureen O'Sullivan (1939-2010). American Psychologist, 66, 640. [PDF]

Olney, N.T., Goodkind, M.S., Lomen-Hoerth, C., Whalen, P.K., Williamson, C.A., Holley, D.E., Verstaen, A., Brown, L.M., Miller, B.L., Kornak, J., Levenson, R.W., & Rosen, H.J. (2011). Behaviour, physiology and experience of pathological laughing and crying in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Brain , 134, 3458-3469. [PDF]

Sturm VE, Levenson RW. Alexithymia in neurodegenerative disease. Neurocase. [PDF]


Holley SR, Sturm VE, Levenson RW. Exploring the basis for gender differences in the demand-withdraw pattern. Journal of Homosexuality. 57(5):666-84. [PDF]

Sturm VE, McCarthy ME, Yun I, Madan A, Yuan JW, Holley SR, Ascher EA, Boxer AL, Miller BL, Levenson RW. Mutual gaze in Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal and semantic dementia couples. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. [PDF]

Seider BH, Shiota MN, Whalen P, Levenson RW. Greater sadness reactivity in late life. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. [PDF]

Sze JA, Gyurak A, Yuan JW, Levenson RW. Coherence between emotional experience and physiology: does body awareness training have an impact? Emotion. 10(6):803-14. [PDF]

Yuan, J.W., McCarthy, M., Holley, S.R., & Levenson, R.W. (in press). Physiological down-regulation and positive emotion in marital interaction. Emotion. 10(4):467-74. [PDF]

Goodkind, M. S., Gyurak, A., McCarthy, M., Miller, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (in press). Emotion regulation deficits in frontotemporal lobar degeneration and Alzheimer's disease. Psychology and Aging.25(1):30-7. [PDF]

Ascher, E. A., Sturm, V. E., Seider, B. H., Holley, S. R., Miller, B. L., & Levenson, R. W. (in press). Relationship satisfaction and emotional language in frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease patients and spousal caregivers. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders. 24(1):49-55 [PDF]

Levenson RW, Cowan CP, Cowan PA. A specialty clinic model for clinical science training: Translating couples research into practice in the Berkeley Couples Clinic. In: Strengthening couple relationships for optimal child development: Lessons from research and intervention Decade of behavior (science conference); Schulz MS, Pruett MK, Kerig PK, Parke RD, editors. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association; p. 197-209.

Schulz, Marc S.; Pruett, Marsha Kline; Kerig, Patricia K.; Parke, Ross D. (2010). Strengthening couple relationships for optimal child development: Lessons from research and intervention. Decade of behavior (science conference). (pp. 197-209). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. xvi, 244 pp. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Soto, J.A., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). Emotion recognition across cultures: The influence of ethnicity on empathic accuracy and physiological linkage. Emotion, 9, 874-884. [PDF]

Shiota, M.N., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). Effects of aging on experimentally instructed detached reappraisal, positive reappraisal, and emotional behavior suppression. Psychology and Aging, 24, 890-900. [PDF]

Rosen, H.J., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). The emotional brain: Combining insights from patients and basic science. Neurocase, 15, 173-181. [PDF]

Seider, B.H., Hirschberger, G., Nelson, K.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). We can work it out: Age differences in relational pronouns, physiology, and behavior in marital conflict. Psychology and Aging, 24, 604-613. [PDF]

Gyurak, A. Goodkind, M.S., Madan, A., Kramer, J.H., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2009). Do tests of executive functioning predict ability to down-regulate emotion spontaneously and when instructed to suppress? Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 9(2), 144-152. [PDF]


Sturm, V.E., Ascher, E.A., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2008). Diminished self-conscious emotional responding in frontotemporal lobar degeneration patients. Emotion, 8(6), 861-869. [PDF]

Crozier, J.C., Dodge, K.A., Fontaine, R.G., Lansford, J.E., Bates, J.E., Pettit, G.S., & Levenson, R.W. (2008). Social information processing and cardiac predictors of adolescent antisocial behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117(2), 253-267. [PDF]

Roberts, N.A., Levenson, R.W., & Gross, J.J. (2008). Cardiovascular costs of emotion suppression cross ethnic lines. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 70, 82-87. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Ascher, E., Goodkind, M., McCarthy, M.E., Sturm, V.E., & Werner, K. (2008). Laboratory testing of emotion and frontal cortex. In B. Miller & G. Goldenberg (Eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Third Series (pp. 489-498). New York: Elsevier. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W., Soto, J., & Pole, N. (2007). Emotion, biology, and culture. In S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of cultural psychology, (pp. 780-796). New York: Guilford Press. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2007). Emotion elicitation with neurological patients. In J.A. Coan & J.J.B. Allen (Eds.), The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment (pp. 158-168). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Ruef, A.M., & Levenson, R.W. (2007). Continuous measurement of emotion. In J.A. Coan & J.J.B. Allen (Eds.). The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment (pp. 286-297). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Shiota, M.N., & Levenson, R.W. (2007). Birds of a feather don't always fly farthest: Similarity in Big Five personality predicts more negative marital satisfaction trajectories in long-term marriages. Psychology and Aging, 22(4), 666-675. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., & Miller, B.L. (2007). Loss of Cells – Loss of Self. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration and human emotion. Current Trends in Psychological Science, 16(6), 289-294. [PDF]

Werner, K.H., Roberts, N.A., Rosen, H.J., Dean, D.L., Kramer, J.H., Weiner, M.W., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2007). Emotional reactivity and emotion recognition in frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Neurology, 69(2), 148-155. [PDF]

1Levenson, R.W. (2007). The future of the clinical science movement: Challenges, issues, and opportunities. In T.A. Treat, R.R. Bootzin, & T.B. Baker (Eds.), Psychological Clinical Science. Papers in honor of Richard M. McFall (pp. 349-360). New York: Psychology Press. [PDF]


Ekman, P., & Levenson, R.W. (2006). Inside the psychologist’s studio. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1(3), 270-276. [PDF]

Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W., & McCoy, K. (2006). Cultural and Temperamental Variation in Emotional Response. Emotion, 6(3), 484-497. [PDF]

Hagemann, T., Levenson, R.W., & Gross, J.J. (2006). Expressive suppression during an acoustic startle. Psychophysiology, 43(1), 104-112. [PDF]

Rosen, H.J., Wilson, M.R., Schauer, G.F., Allison, S., Gorno-Tempini, M.L., Pace-Savitsky, C., Kramer, J.H., Levenson, R.W., Weiner, M., & Miller, B.L. (2006). Neuroanatomical correlates of impaired recognition of emotion in dementia. Neuropsychologia, 44(3), 365-373. [PDF]

Allison, Stephen., Levenson, Robert, Millwer, Bruce L, Rosen, Howard J., Sturm, Virgina E. (2006). Self-conscious emotion deficits in frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Brain 129. 2508-2516. [PDF]

Roberts,N.A,& Levenson, R.W. (2006). Subjective, Behavioral, and Physiological Reactivity to Ethnically Matched and Ethnically Mismatched Film Clips. Emotion, vol. 6 (4), 635-646. [PDF]


Soto, J.A., Levenson, R.W., Ebling, R. (2005). Cultures of Moderation and Emotional Experience, Behavior, and Physiology in Chinese and Mexican Americans. Emotion, vol. 5 (2), 154-165. [PDF]

Kunzmann, U., Kupperbusch, C. and Levenson R. W. (2005). Behavioral inhibitions and amplification during emotional arousal: A comparison of two age groups. Psychology and Aging, 20(1), 144-158. [PDF]

Levenson, Robert W. (2005). Elaborations and Celebrations. American Psychology Society, 18(3). [PDF]

Mauss, I. B., Levenson, R.W., McCarter, L, Wilhelm, F.H., Gross, J.J. (2005). The Tie That Binds? Coherence Among Emotion Experience, Behavior, and Physiology. Emotion, vol. 5 (2), 175-190. [PDF]


Rosen, H.J., Pace-Savitsky, K., Perry, R.J., Kramer, J.H., Miller, B.L., & Levenson, R.W. (2004). Recognition of emotion in the frontal and temporal variants of frontotemporal dementia. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 17(4), 277-81. [PDF]

Woolley, J.D., Gorno-Tempini, M.L., Werner, K., Rankin, K.P., Ekman, P., Levenson, R.W., & Miller, B.L. (2004). The autonomic and behavioral profile of emotional dysregulation. Neurology, 63(9), 1740-1743. [PDF]

Roberts, Nicole A., Beer, Jennifer S., Werner, Kelly H., Scabini, Donatella, Levens, Sara M., Knight, Robert T., Levenson, Robert W. (2004). The impact of orbital prefrontal cortex damage on emotional activation to unanticipated and anticipated acoustic startle stimuli. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 4(3), 307-316. [PDF]

Bensafi, M., Tstutsui, T., Khan, R., Levenson, R. W., Sobel, N. (2004). Sniffing a human sex-steroid derived compound affects mood and autonomic arousal in a dose-dependent manner. Psychoneuroendrocrinology (In press). [PDF]

Bensafi, M., Brown, W. M. Khan, R., Levenson, R. W., Sobel, N. (2004). Sniffing human sex-steroid derived compound modulates mood, memory and autonomic nervous system function in specific behavioral contexts. Behavioral Brain Research, 152: 11-12. [PDF]


Levenson, Robert W. (2003). For distinguished contributions to psychophysiology: Arne Öhman. Psychophysiology: 40: 317-321. [PDF]

Beach, Steven R. H., Katz, Jennifer, Sooyeon Kim, and Brody, Gene H. (2003) Prospective effects of marital satisfaction on depressive symptoms in established marriages: A dyadic model. Journal of Personal Relationships, vol. 20(3), 0256-4075. [PDF]

Levenson, Robert W. (2003) Blood, sweat, and fears: The autonomic architecture of emotion. Annals New York Academy of Sciences. 10.1196/annals1290.016: 348-366. [PDF]

Kupperbusch, C., Levenson, R.W., & Ebling, R. (2003). Predicting husbands’ and wives’ retirement satisfaction from the emotional qualities of marital interaction. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20(3), 335-354. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2003). Autonomic specificity and emotion. In R.J. Davidson, K.R. Scherer, & H.H. Goldsmith (Eds.), Handbook of Affective Sciences (pp. 212-224). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Rosen, H.J., Perry, R.J., Murphy, J., Kramer, J.H., Mychack, P., Schuff, N., Weiner, M., Levenson, R.W., & Miller, B.L. (2002). Emotion comprehension in the temporal variant of frontotemporal dementia. Brain, 125, 2286-2295. [PDF]

Tsai, J.L., Pole, N., Levenson, R.W., & Munoz, R.F. (2003). The effects of depression on the emotional responses of Spanish-speaking Latinas. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 9(1), 49-63. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M., Levenson, R.W., Gross, J., Fredrickson, B.L., McCoy, K., Rosenthal, L., Ruef, A., & Yoshimoto, D. (2003). Correlates of gay and lesbian couples’ relationship satisfaction and relationship dissolution. Journal of Homosexuality. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (2002). A two-factor model for predicting when a couple will divorce: Exploratory analyses using 14-year longitudinal data. Family Processes, 41(1), 83-96. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (2002). Generating hypotheses after 14 years of marital followup; or how should one speculate? Reply to DeKay, Greeno, and Houck. Family Processes, 41(1), 105-110. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Ekman, P. (2002). Difficulty does not account for emotion-specific heart changes in the directed facial action task. Psychophysiology, 39, 397-405 [PDF]


Gottman, J.M., Levenson, R.W., & Woodin, E. (2001). Facial expressions during marital conflict. Journal of Family Communication, I(1), 37-57. [PDF]

Roberts, N.A. & Levenson, R.W. (2001). The remains of the workday: Impact of job stress and exhaustion on marital interaction in police couples. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 63, 1052-1067. [PDF]

Perry, R.J., Rosen, H.R., Kramer, J.H., Beer, J.S., Levenson, R.W., & Miller, B.L. (2001). Hemispheric dominance for emotions, empathy, and social behavior: Evidence from right and left handers with frontotemporal dementia. Neurocase, 7, 145-160. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (2000). The timing of divorce: Predicting when a couple will divorce over a 14-year period. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 737-745. [PDF]

Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W., & Carstensen, L.L. (2000). Autonomic, subjective, and expressive responses to emotional films in older and younger Chinese Americans and European Americans. Psychology and Aging, 15, 684-693. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (2000). Expressive, physiological, and subjective changes in emotion across adulthood. In. S.H. Qualls & N. Abeles (Eds.), Psychology and the Aging Revolution: How We Adapt to Longer Life (pp. 123-140). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1999). The intrapersonal functions of emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 13(5), 481-504. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1999). How stable is marital interaction over time?. Family Process, 38(2), 159-165. [PDF]

Pasupathi, M., Carstensen, L.L., Levenson, R.W., & Gottman, J.M. (1999). Responsive listening in long-married couples: A psycholinguistic perspective. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 23(2), 173-193. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1999). Dysfunctional marital conflict: Women are being unfairly blamed. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 31(3/4), 1-17. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1999). What predicts change in marital interaction over time? A study of alternative models. Family Process, 38(2), 143-158. [PDF]


Fredrickson, B.L. & Levenson, R.W. (1998). Positive emotions speed recovery from cardiovascular sequelae of negative emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 12(2), 191-220. [PDF]


Tsai, J.L. & Levenson, R.W. (1997). Cultural influences on emotional responding: Chinese American and European American dating couples during interpersonal conflict. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 28(5), 600-625. [PDF]

Gross, J.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1997). Hiding feelings: The acute effects of inhibiting negative and positive emotion. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106(1), 95-103. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Ruef, A.M. (1997). Physiological aspects of emotional knowledge and rapport. In W. Ickes (Eds.), Empathic Accuracy (pp. 44-72). New York: Guilford Press. [PDF]


Carstensen L.L., Graff, J., Levenson, R.W., & Gottman, J.M. (1996). Affect in intimate relationships: The developmental course of marriage. In C. Magai & S.H. McFadden (Eds.), Handbook of Emotion, Adult Development and Aging (pp.227-247). Orlando, Florida: Academic Press. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1996). Biological substrates of empathy and facial modulation of emotion: Two facets of the scientific legacy of John Lanzetta. Motivation and Emotion, 20(3), 185-204. [PDF]


Carstensen, L.L., Gottman, J.M., & Levenson, R.W. (1995). Emotional behavior in long-term marriage. Psychology and Aging, 10(1), 140-149. [PDF]

Gross, J.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1995). Emotion and elicitation using films. Cognition and Emotion, 9(1), 87-108. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1994). I. Human emotion: A functional view. II. The search for autonomic specificity. III. Emotional control: Variation and consequences. In P. Ekman & R. Davidson (Eds.).. The Nature of Emotion: Fundamental Questions. New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]


Gross, J.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1993). Emotional suppression: Physiology, self-report, and expressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(6), 970-986. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Carstensen, L.L., & Gottman, J.M. (1993). Long-term marriage: Age, gender, and satisfaction. Psychology and Aging, 8(2), 301-313. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1992). Autonomic nervous system differences among emotions. Psychological Science, 3(1), 23-27. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Ekman, P., Heider, K., & Friesen, W.V. (1992). Emotion and autonomic nervous system activity in the Minangkabau of West Sumatra. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62(6), 972-988. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Ruef, A.M. (1992). Empathy: A physiological substrate. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(2), 234-246. [PDF]

Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1992). Marital processes predictive of later dissolution: Behavior, physiology, and health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(2), 221-233. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. Carstensen, L.L., Friesen, W.V., & Ekman, P. (1991). Emotion, physiology, and expression in old age. Psychology and Aging, 6(1), 28-35. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W., Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1990). Voluntary facial action generates emotion-specific autonomic nervous system activity. Psychophysiology, 27(4), 363-384. [PDF]




Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1988). The social psychophysiology of marriage. In P. Noller & M.A. Fitzpatrick (Eds.), Perspectives on Marital Interaction (pp. 182-200). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters Ltd. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1988). Emotion and the autonomic nervous system: A prospectus for research on autonomic specificity. In H.L. Wagner (Ed.), Social Psychophysiology and Emotion: Theory and Clinical Applications (pp. 17-42). London: John Wiley and Sons Ltd. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1987). Alcohol, affect, and physiology: Positive effects in the early stages of drinking. In E. Gottheil, K.A. Druley, S. Pashko, & S.P. Weinstein (Eds.), Stress and Addiction (pp. 173-196). New York: Brunner/Mazel. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Oyama, O.N., & Meeks, P.S. (1987). Greater reinforcement from alcohol for those at risk: Parental risk, personality risk, and gender. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 96(3), 242-253. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1986). Assessing the role of emotion in marriage. Behavioral Assessment, 8, 31-48. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Meek, P.S. (1986). Influence of pet dog on marital conflict resolution: A psychophysiological study. Presented at the Delta Society International Conference, Boston, Massachusetts. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1986). Alcohol, reactivity, and the heart: Implications for coronary health and disease. In K.A. Matthews & R.B. Williams (Eds.), Handbook of Stress, Reactivity, and Cardiovascular Disease (pp. 345-363). New York: Wiley. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1985). A valid procedure for obtaining self-report of affect in marital interaction. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53(2), 151-160. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Gottman, J.M. (1985). Physiological and affective predictors of change in relationship satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49(1), 85-94. [PDF]


Gottman, J.M. & Levenson, R.W. (1984). Why marriages fail: Affective and physiological patterns in marital interaction. In J.C. Masters and K.L. Yarkin-Levin (Eds.), Boundary Areas in Social and Developmental Psychology (pp. 67-106). Orlando, Florida: Academic Press. [PDF]


Hull, J.G. Levenson, R.W., Young, R.D., & Sher, K.J. (1983). Self-awareness-reducing effects of alcohol consumption. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(3), 461-473. [PDF]

Sher, K.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1983). Alcohol and tension reduction: The importance of individual differences. In L.S. Pohorecky and J. Brick (Eds.), Stress and Alcohol Use (pp. 121-134). Amsterdam: Elsevier. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1983). Personality research and psychophysiology: General considerations. Journal of Research in Personality, 17, 1-21. [PDF]

Thayer, J.F. & Levenson, R.W. (1983). Effects of music on psychophysiological responses to a stressful film. Psychomusicology, 3, 44-52. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Gottman, J.M. (1983). Marital interaction: Physiological linkage and affective exchange. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(3), 587-597. [PDF]

Ekman, P., Levenson, R.W., & Friesen, W.V. (1983). Autonomic nervous system activity distinguishes among emotions. Science, 221, 1208-1210. [PDF]


Newlin, D.B. & Levenson, R.W. (1982). Cardiovascular responses of individuals with Type A behavior pattern and parental coronary heart disease. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 26(4), 393-402. [PDF]

Sher, K.J. & Levenson, R.W. (1982). Risk for alcoholism and individual differences in the stress-response-dampening effect of alcohol. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 91(5), 350-367. Reprinted in Digest of Alcoholism Theory and Application, 2, 40-47, 1983. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. & Ditto, W.B. (1981). Individual differences in ability to control heart rate: Personality, strategy, physiological and other variables. Psychophysiology, 18(2), 91-100. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. & Mades, L.L. (1980). Physiological response, facial expression, and trait anxiety: Two methods for improving consistency. Presented at the Society for Psychophysiological Research. [PDF]

Newlin, D. & Levenson, R.W. (1980). Voluntary control of pulse transmission time to the ear. Psychophysiology, 17(6), 581-585. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Sher, K.J., Grossman, L.M., Newman, J., & Newlin, D.B. (1980). Alcohol and stress response dampening: Pharmacological effects, expectancy, and tension reduction. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 89(4), 528-538. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W., Jaffe, L.B., McFall, R.M. (1980). Heightened responsivity to stress in nonassertive, low self-confident subjects. Presented at the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Vancouver, British Columbia. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1979). Effects of thematically relevant and general stressors on specificity of responding in asthmatic and nonasthmatic subjects. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41(1), 28-39. [PDF]

Notarius, C.I. & Levenson, R.W. (1979). Expressive tendencies and physiological response to stress. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(7), 1204-1210. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. (1979). Cardiac-respiratory-somatic relationships and feedback effects in a multiple session heart rate control experiment. Psychophysiology, 16(4), 367-373. [PDF]

Newlin, D.B. & Levenson, R.W. (1979). Pre-ejection period: Measuring beta-adrenergic influences upon the heart. Psychophysiology, 16(6), 546-553. [PDF]


Newlin, D.B. & Levenson, R.W. (1978). Efficacy of pattern feedback for the dissociation of heart rate and respiration rate. Biological Psychology, 7, 277-285. [PDF]

Levenson, R.W. & Gottman, J.M. (1978). Toward the assessment of social competence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 453-462. [PDF]


Glanville, B.B., Best, C.T., & Levenson, R.W. (1977). A cardiac measure of cerebral asymmetries in infant auditory perception. Developmental Psychology, 13(1), 54-59. [PDF]


Levenson, R.W. (1976). Feedback effects and respiratory involvement in voluntary control of heart rate. Psychophysiology, 13(2), 108-114. [PDF]


Manuck, S.B., Levenson, R.W. (1975). Role of feedback in voluntary control of heart rate. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1975, 40, 747-752.


Levenson, Robert (1974). Automated system for direct measurement and feedback of total respiratory resistance by the forced oscillation technique Psychophysiology, 11, 86-90. [PDF]

Strupp, H.H., Levenson, R.W., Manuck, S.B., Snell, J.D., & Boyd, S. (1974). Effects of suggestion on total respiratory resistance in mild asthmatics. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 18, 337-346. [PDF]

Hinrichsen, J.J., Katahn, M., & Levenson, R.W. (1974). Alcohol-induced state-dependent learning in nonalcoholics. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 2, 293-296. [PDF]


* Co-first author.